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K-BroVet Chewable Tablets

K-BroVet Chewable Tablets by PRN

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What is K-BroVet?

K-BroVet is a pet medication containing Potassium Bromide to help manage epileptic seizures in dogs. K-BroVet requires a prescription from your veterinarian. Available in 250 mg and 500 mg double scored tablets as well as butterscotch flavored Oral Solution 250 mg/ml.

For: Dogs

Benefits:

  • Helps treat seizures in dogs
  • Contains Vitamin B12, which helps maintain healthy neurological function
  • Delicious liver flavored chewable tablet
  • Available in 250 mg or 500 mg chewable tablets
  • Scored tablets simplify administering

How it works:
K-BroVet contains Potassium Bromide, which is commonly used to help manage seizure disorders in dogs. K-BroVet has also been formulated with B vitamins to support healthy neurological function.

Cautions: Not for use in cats.

More Information:

Brand Name
K-Bro Vet (PRN)

Generic Name
Potassium bromide

What is the most important information I should know about K-BroVet: K-BroVet is a prescription medication FDA approved for veterinary use in dogs. K-BroVet is available as 250 mg and 500 mg double scored, liver flavored tablets as well as a 10 oz (300 ml) butterscotch flavored Oral Solution 250 mg/ ml. The usual initial starting dose for dogs to achieve a serum level of 1 mg/ml is give 54.5 mg/lb once a day for 5 days, then reduce to 13.6 mg/lb once a day. To achieve a serum level of 1.5 mg/ml, give 72.7 mg/lb once a day for 5 days, then reduce to 18 mg/lb once a day. Do not give K-BroVet to any pet other than the pet for whom it was prescribed.

What is K-BroVet: K-BroVet is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of seizures in dogs; however, it is not uncommon for veterinarians to use this medication to treat seizures in cats. K-BroVet may be used alone or in combination with other anticonvulsant medications. K-BroVet may also be used for other conditions not listed.

What should I discuss with my veterinarian before giving K-BroVet to my pet: Tell your veterinarian if your pet is allergic to potassium bromide. Tell your veterinarian if your pet has kidney disease, or if the pet is pregnant or lactating. Inform your veterinarian of any other medications such as diuretics (furosemide, Lasix, Salix), or sedatives your pet may be taking, as well as any vitamins and supplements since interactions may occur. Periodic blood tests are necessary to monitor the level of the drug in the blood.

How should this medication be given: Give this medication exactly as directed by your veterinarian. K-BroVet may be given with food to reduce some gastric side effects. Leave plenty of water for the pet to drink. If you do not understand the directions ask the pharmacist or veterinarian to explain them to you. Store K-BroVet in a tightly sealed container at room temperature. Keep this medication away from children and pets.

What happens if I miss giving a dose: Do not miss a dose. Missing a dose may cause a seizure. Give the missed dose as soon as you remember during the same day. However, if you don't remember until the next day, skip the dose you missed and give only the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not give a double dose of the medication.

What happens if I overdose the pet: Seek emergency veterinary medical treatment. Symptoms of overdose may include extreme sedation, incoordination, loss of appetite, vomiting, constipation, muscle pain or twitching, staggering, inability to use one or more limbs, decreased or slow reflexes, tremors, and other CNS symptoms.

What should I avoid while giving K-BroVet to my pet: The safe use of this drug in pregnant or lactating animals has not been determined. Use with caution in animals with kidney disease, older animals, and those with other health problems.

What are the possible side effects of K-BroVet: If your pet experiences an allergic reaction, signs may include facial swelling, hives, scratching, and sudden onset of diarrhea, vomiting, shock, seizures or coma. If these signs occur, contact your veterinarian immediately. Side effects such as transient drowsiness when used with other anticonvulsant medications may last a few weeks. Change in appetite, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, and incoordination may also occur as well as increased thirst and urination. Dogs may also develop skin rashes or behavior changes. Cats may also develop a respiratory condition similar to asthma. Bromide salts have been associated with the development of pancreatitis. Symptoms may include loss of appetite, abdominal pain, and vomiting. When giving high doses, side effects may include severe vomiting, muscle pain, twitching, staggering, inability to use one or more limbs. If any of these symptoms occur, contact the veterinarian.

What other drugs will affect K-BroVet: Before giving K-BroVet, tell your veterinarian if your pet is being given a diuretic (Lasix, Salix, furosemide), a sedative, vitamins or supplements.

Where can I get more information: Your pharmacist has additional information about K-BroVet written for health professionals that you may read.

 

Bromide Salts
(Potassium bromide, sodium bromide)

Common Drug Name
Potassium bromide and Sodium bromide

Common Brand Names
Potassium bromide is generally compounded into a usable form by a pharmacist.

Storage
Store at room temperature in a tight, light resistant, childproof container.

Uses
Potassium bromide is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of seizures in dogs and cats. It is sometimes used in combination with other anti-seizure medications, such as phenobarbital.

Dose and Administration
Always follow the dosage instructions provided by your veterinarian. You may be directed to give very high doses for the first few days. If you have difficulty giving the medication, contact your veterinarian.
Giving with food may decrease some side effects.
CAUTION: If using a capsule form, you must be sure it is completely swallowed by your pet. Give food or water to carry the capsule all the way to the stomach. The medication can cause severe irritation to the throat and esophagus if it gets “stuck.” 
Blood tests are used to monitor the level of the drug in the blood. It may take several weeks for the level of the drug in the blood to stabilize after a dose change.
It is usually necessary to treat for the lifetime of the pet.
Record the date, time, severity, length, and circumstances of any seizure your pet has while taking potassium bromide, and provide this information to your veterinarian. 

IMPORTANT: Do NOT miss a dose. Missing a dose could cause a seizure. If
 you miss a dose, give it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the one you missed and go back to the regular schedule. Do not give 2 doses at once.
This medication should only be given to the pet for whom it was prescribed.

Possible Side Effects
Side effects most often include transient sedation (drowsiness), when used with phenobarbital. This may last several weeks. May also see loss of appetite, vomiting, or diarrhea. Other side effects include increased thirst, drinking, and urination.
Cats: In addition to the above, cats may develop a respiratory condition similar to asthma.
Dogs: In addition to the above, may also develop skin rashes.
Consult your veterinarian if you notice any of the above side effects.
When giving high doses, may see severe vomiting, muscle pain, twitching, staggering, an inability to use one or more limbs, or pupils of different sizes. If you observe any of these signs, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Bromide salts have been associated with the development of pancreatitis, with signs that include loss of appetite, abdominal pain, and vomiting.
If your pet experiences an allergic reaction to the medication, signs may include facial swelling, hives, scratching, sudden onset of diarrhea, vomiting, shock, seizures, pale gums, cold limbs, or coma. If you observe any of these signs, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Precautions
Not for use in animals hypersensitive (allergic) to it.
The safety of this drug in pregnant or lactating animals (female animals nursing their young) has not been determined. Use with extreme caution in these animals.
Use with caution in animals with kidney disease, older animals, and those with other health problems.
Consult with your veterinarian regarding the physical examinations and laboratory testing necessary prior to and during treatment with potassium bromide or sodium bromide.

Drug, Food and Test Interactions
Consult your veterinarian before using potassium bromide or sodium bromide with vitamins, supplements, diuretics (e.g., furosemide, Lasix), or drugs that affect the nervous system (e.g. sedatives), since interactions may occur.
Salt intake needs to remain steady since chloride levels in the blood can affect the levels of bromide. Do not restrict salt intake or give salty foods or treats (e.g., pig ears) while your pet is receiving potassium bromide. Contact your veterinarian before changing diets or types of treats.

Signs of Toxicity/Overdose
More likely seen from chronic overdosing than with a single large dose. Signs may include extreme sedation, incoordination, loss of appetite, vomiting, constipation, muscle pain or twitching, staggering, inability to use one or more limbs, decreased/slow reflexes, pupils of different sizes, tremors, and other central nervous system (CNS) symptoms.  If you know or suspect your pet has had an overdose, or if you observe any of these signs in your pet, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.

This information may not cover all possible uses, directions, side effects, precautions, allergic reactions, drug interactions, or withdrawal times.  Always consult your own veterinarian for specific advice concerning the treatment of your pet.


 

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