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Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution

Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution by Bausch&Lomb

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Dexamethasone Ophthalmic Solution is a sterile eye drop used in the eye to inhibit inflammation and reduce swelling and pain. Dexamethasone Ophthalmic Solution requires a prescription from your veterinarian.

For: Dogs and Cats

Benefits:

  • Successfully treats inflammation due to infections, injury, and surgery 
  • Reduces swelling associated with bacterial infections 
  • Available as a dropper bottle

How it works:
Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid which is used to treat inflammation.

Cautions:
Before using Dexamethasone Ophthalmic Solution, tell your veterinarian if your pet is using other eye drops or eye medications. If your pet has swelling of the face, itching, or appears to have difficulty breathing, contact your veterinarian immediately. Do not touch the dropper opening to any surface including eyes or hands.

What is the most important information I should know about Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution:
Not all forms of dexamethasone are FDA approved for veterinary use; however, it is a commonly accepted practice for veterinarians to use Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution in dogs and cats. Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution is a prescription medication available as 0.1% sterile eye drops. Do not stop using this medication suddenly especially if it has been used for several weeks or more. The dose may need to be reduced over several days to prevent side effects. Contact your veterinarian if the pet's symptoms begin to get worse or if you do not see any improvement to the pet's condition after a few days. Do not touch the dropper opening to any surface, including eyes and hands. The dropper opening is sterile. If it becomes contaminated, it could cause an infection in the eye.

What is Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution:
Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution is in a class called corticosteroids. It is used to inhibit inflammation and, therefore, swelling and pain from inflammation is lessened. Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution is used to treat eye inflammation caused by infections, injury, surgery, or other conditions. Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution may also be used for purposes other than those listed.

What should I discuss with my veterinarian before using Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution in my pet: Do not use Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution if the pet has a bacterial, viral or fungal infection without also using proper anti-infective treatment. Tell your veterinarian if your pet is pregnant or lactating.

How should this medication be used:
Use this medication exactly as directed by your veterinarian. If you do not understand the directions ask the pharmacist or veterinarian to explain them to you. Wash your hands prior to using the eye drops. Shake the bottle gently to be sure the medication is properly mixed. Do not use any eye drop that is discolored or has particles in it. Store Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep the bottle properly capped.

What happens if I miss applying a dose:
Apply the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and apply the next one as directed. Do not give a double dose of the medication.

What happens if I overdose the pet:
An overdose of this medication is unlikely. If an overdose is suspected, seek emergency veterinary medical treatment. If the drops are ingested, contact a veterinary emergency center for advice.

What should I avoid while applying Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution to my pet:
Do not touch the dropper opening to any surface including eyes or hands. This medication may cause blurred vision.

What are the possible side effects of Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution:
Serious side effects are not expected. Rarely, pressure increase inside the eye, formation of cataracts or a perforation of the cornea may occur. Other, more common side effects may also occur such as burning, stinging, irritation, itching, redness, blurred vision, or sensitivity to light. Continue the medication and talk to your veterinarian about any side effect that seems unusual or bothersome to the animal.

What other drugs will affect dexamethasone ophthalmic:
Before using Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution, tell your veterinarian if your pet is using other eye drops or eye medications. Tell your veterinarian if the pet is being given oral steroid medications such as prednisone, Methylprednisolone or others. Drugs other than those listed may also interact with Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Ophthalmic Solution. Talk to the veterinarian or pharmacist before giving any prescription or over the counter medicines.



 

Corticosteroid Ophthalmic Preparations
(Decadron, Pred Forte, Econopred Plus)

Generic Name
Corticosteroid ophthalmic preparations
Generic products are available.

Common Brand Names
Decadron (dexamethasone) Pred Forte (prednisolone) Econopred Plus (prednisolone)

Storage
Store at room temperature in a tight, light resistant container.

Uses
Corticosteroids, such as prednisolone or dexamethasone, are used to treat inflam­mation of the eye.

Dose and Administration
Always follow the dosage instructions provided by your veterinarian. If you have difficulty applying the medication, contact your veterinarian.
If discharge is present, the area should be cleansed with a sterile eyewash solution prior to applying the ointment or solution.

Shake the solution well before using. When applying the ophthalmic solution, place one hand under and around your pet’s chin and lift upward, so the pet’s eyes are looking towards the ceiling. Rest your other hand on top of the pet’s head. Squeeze the drops into the corner of the eye, taking care not to touch the dropper to the eye surface. Continue to hold the head back for a moment while the drops disperse over the whole eye surface.
When applying an ointment, place one hand under and around your pet’s chin and lift upward, so the pet’s eyes are looking towards the ceiling. Pull down gently on the lower lid with a finger or thumb, depending upon which eye you are treating. Rest your other hand on top of the pet’s head. Be sure the tip of the tube is pointed away from your pet’s eye so if your pet jerks, the tube tip will not injure the eye. Hold the tube of ointment about one inch from the eye and apply a short ribbon of ointment along the inner edge of the lower lid, starting at the inside corner of the eye. Rotate the tube when you reach the outer portion of the eye to help detach the ointment from the tube. Have your pet blink, and gently hold the eyelid shut. Gently massage the closed eyelid to disperse the ointment.
Ointments will blur your animal’s vision for a few minutes after administration. Prevent your pet from bumping into things and becoming injured.
Never touch the dropper to the pet’s eye, lids, or eyelashes. Do not touch the inside of the cap or the dropper or tube tip with your fingers, as this will also contaminate the medication.
Always wash your hands before and after applying this medication.
If you are applying more than one medication to the eye, allow 5 minutes between applications so one medication is not washed out by the next. Be sure not to interchange the caps of the medications.
If you miss a dose, apply it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the application you missed and go back to the regular schedule. 
This medication should only be given to the pet for whom it was prescribed.

Possible Side Effects
Side effects are unusual with this medication.
If ingested, the most common side effect of corticosteroids is an increase in the amount of drinking and urinating. Less commonly may see an increased appetite and weight gain, panting, diarrhea, vomiting, and behavior changes. 

Precautions
Do not use in animals hypersensitive (allergic) to any of the ingredients.
Do not use in fungal or viral infections of the eye before healing has started. Also do not use if an ulcer on the eye could be present, since it could cause the ulcer to worsen or rupture. Therefore, an ophthalmic exam by a veterinarian is necessary before using these products.
Prolonged use may result in a serious bacterial or fungal infection. 
Prevent ingestion of the medication. If ingested at high doses or for extended periods, corticosteroids can cause pre­mature birth. In dogs, rabbits, and rodents, corticosteroids can cause birth defects.
Use with caution in animals with diabetes mellitus or Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism).

Drug and Food Interactions
Notify your veterinarian of any other medications, including vitamins and supplements, your pet is taking while using corticosteroid ophthalmic preparations.

Signs of Toxicity/Overdose
Adverse reactions and toxicities are unlikely if used according to directions. Contact your veterinarian if your pet shows any abnormal signs.
Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.

 


 

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