Pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic
This drug is an eye medication that is used in dogs and cats to decrease the pressure in the eye. It is available in the form of drops.
What is this drug?
• A cholinergic agent
Reasons for prescribing:
• To treat primary glaucoma
What dogs/cats should not take this medication?
• Animals with secondary glaucoma
• Animals that may be pregnant or nursing
• Animals with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to this drug should not take this medication
Read and follow the prescription label carefully.
Give the exact amount prescribed and only as often as directed.
Give this medication for as long as your veterinarian directs.
Do not skip doses or stop giving the medication without consulting your veterinarian.
Glaucoma requires long-term eye medications and frequent monitoring of intraocular pressures.
Dose adjustments will be made based upon these results and an assessment of how your dog or cat is responding clinically.
If your pet requires more than one medication in the same eye, administer the medications 5 minutes apart.
If your pet requires more than one medication, discuss with your veterinarian if it is preferable to administer drops before ointments.
If you are having difficulty applying the medication, contact your veterinarian.
Call ahead for refills.
Ideally, give this medication at the same time(s) daily.
Administration of eye drops
• Wash your hands before applying any eye medication
• Check label directions and shake bottle if necessary
• Remove excess discharge from around the eye with a moistened cloth
• Remove the cap and avoid contaminating the tip of the medication bottle with the environment or your fingers
• Tilt your pet's head back so that they are looking up towards the ceiling
• Gently hold the eyelids open and with the other hand holding the medication bottle, rest your hand above the eye
• Be sure that the tip of the medication bottle is not pointed towards the eye in case of any sudden movements
• Ensure that the tip of the medication bottle does not touch your pet's eye, eyelids, or lashes
• Apply the correct amount of drops into the eye
• Continue to hold your pet's head up and allow them to blink to distribute the drops over the entire eye
• Place the cap back on the medication bottle and avoid contaminating the inside of the cap with your fingers
• Wash your hands after applying any eye medication
• Always praise and reward your pet to encourage cooperation
What if a dose is missed?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
What to tell/ask a veterinarian before giving medication?
Talk to your veterinarian about:
• When your pet will need to be rechecked
• What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug
• What are the risks and benefits of using this drug
Tell your veterinarian about:
• If your pet has experienced previous eye problems
• If your pet has experienced side-effects on other drugs/products
• If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
• If your pet has experienced liver or kidney disease now or ever
• If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever
• All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet's medications can be given together.
• If your pet is pregnant, nursing or if you plan to breed your pet
Storage and Warnings:
Pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
Do not use any eye drops that have become discolored or have particles in them.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
Potential side effects:
• This medication may cause the eye to sting for a short period after application
• This medication can cause local irritation resulting in redness of the tissues surrounding the eye
• This medication can cause excess salivation, vomiting and diarrhea
• If these symptoms persist or you notice anything else unusual, contact your veterinarian
Can this drug be given with other drugs?
• Do not give new food or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
• If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if you pet has accidentally ingested this medication or has received more than the prescribed amount.
What else should I know?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal's condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
As with all prescribed medicines, Pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic should only be given to the pet for which it was prescribed.
It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed. Never use skin or ear medications in the eye.
This is just a summary of information about Pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic. If you have any questions or concerns about Pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic or the condition it was prescribed for, please contact your veterinarian.